Shire Test Prep


A 62-year-old Asian female presented with chief complaints of blurry vision, mild burning, redness, watery eyes, and slight pain. She reported that her symptoms were worse on windy days and she regularly woke up at night to put drops in. She had been diagnosed with severe dry eye, and her medical history was significant for Sjögren’s syndrome (8 years), rheumatoid arthritis, and mixed connective tissue disorder.

The patient had previously been given moisture retention goggles and punctal plugs to treat her dry eyes. At the time of presentation, her ocular medications included topical cyclosporine 0.05%, a dual acting mast cell stabilizer/antihistamine agent as needed, topical corticosteroid, and preservative-free artificial tears to be taken hourly in both eyes. She was also taking systemic medications, including the anti-inflammatories naproxen, hydroxychloroquine, and prednisone, plus oral pilocarpine for her dry mouth, and medications for hypertension (atenolol and amlodipine) and allergy (fluticasone and loratadine).

Based on the patient’s history and presentation, what do you think I immediately suspected as the primary cause of her symptoms?

a. Dry eye
b. Allergic conjunctivitis
c. Infectious keratitis
d. Anterior uveitis
Douglas K. Devries, OD

Douglas K. Devries, OD, is a co-founder and managing partner of Eye Care Associates of Nevada and serves as both clinical director and optometric residency program director for the state-wide practice. He is an adjunct clinical professor of optometry at Pacific University and serves on the advisory board or speakers' bureau of Abbott Medical Optics, Alcon, Allergan, Akorn, Bio Tissue, BVI Medical, Bausch + Lomb, TearLab, NiCox, OcuSoft, and Ophthalmic Resources.

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